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Konik na biegunach

"Let me do it myself"

MONTESSORI APPROACH
Since their birth all children have been focused on their own development, on achieving independence and switching from childhood to adulthood. The Montessori Method helps children and parents to reach this goal. It is based on respecting natural individuality of each child as far as their physical, mental and spiritual development is concerned and on directing them towards comprehensive growth.

The target of his method is to help the child in:

  • development of self-reliance and faith in their own abilities,
  • working out respect to work and order,
  • working out passion for individual and collective work in silence,
  • achievement of long lasting concentration on actually performed activity,
  • working out attitudes of obedience based on self-control, not on external pressure,
  • becoming independent from reward,
  • forming attitudes of mutual help without competition,
  • respect for work of other people,
  • development of individual talents and skills of co-operation
  • achievement of spontaneous self-discipline issuing from childish obedience.

Targets of Montessori pedagogy

  1. learning through acting:
    children achieve knowledge and practical skills through their own activity, in a prepared educational environment, in co-operation with teachers
  2. self-reliance:
    children choose kind, place, time and form of work (individual or with a partner) respecting social rules; they develop individual talents and they learn to apprise their skills in unbiased way
  3. concentration:
    children train accuracy and persistence when accomplishing specific tasks
  4. lessons of silence:
    children learn to co-operate during silent individual and group activities
  5. order:
    children learn to observe principles of order in their environment and actions
  6. social rules:
    children of different age (three year-groups) are divided into teams, it fosters mutual exchanging skills and talents; children learn to observe rules: do not hurt, do not destroy, do not interrupt
  7. observation:
     is the key of adults  to understand child`s world; a teacher watches  progress and difficulties of the child with respect and attention, the teacher acts as their guide
  8. individual course of each child development:
    child is warmly accepted, they find attention and individual care of the teacher; child works with their own speed and abilities, starting new tasks they are prepared to accomplish.

 

Children possess inborn eagerness to learn and learning does not tire them, but rather delights them and makes them happy. Accomplishing purposeful tasks by the child under the leadership of an adult leads to development of child`s concentration and self-discipline.

 

 

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